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Human Programming is a cultural history of the idea of the programmable mind in U.S. culture. It argues that literary, cinematic, and rhetorical figurations of the programmed mind have shaped conversations in U.S. political and scientific culture about freedom and unfreedom, and about democracy and its enemies from World War II to the War on Terror. Beginning in the early twentieth century, developments in media technology, cybernetics, behaviorist psychology, and sociology made it possible to imagine the malleability of human behavior, or automatism, on a mass scale.

Propagandists, scientists, and creative producers alike adapted visions of human programmability in order to imagine the psychological conditions of non-democratic unfreedom, often in the service of representing its opposite, a supposedly exceptional American freedom. As explicitly racist and eugenics-based propaganda fell out of favor after World War II, the enemies of the U.S. were increasingly represented and understood through the figuration of mental unfreedom. Human Programming charts this shift by examining the figure of the “human automaton”: the will-less, automatic, and therefore subhuman figure whose uncanny and sometimes comedic effects drive narratives about human programmability.

Rather than attributing either a universal philosophical meaning to automaton narratives or ascribing to them a single symptomatic interpretation, as other readers of this literary figure have done, the book traces how the human automaton developed through a network of exchanges between different forms of discourse in popular culture, the public sphere, and scientific writing.


Our recently published results show that by using our 1st Gen Sentinel chips, we are able to map elements of the human mind. We have been able to alleviate the effects of systemic racism, egotistical thoughts and megalomania, thoughts of self-harm and harm to others amongst other things. Our results have been startling.

We have been able to alter the course of thinking, including breaking down the barriers of "cannot" with new positive re-enforcements such as "can do ." With simple prodding via neurolinking, we are able to develop new connections and pathways, as well as act disruptively to thoughts, feelings, and impulsive thought processes, in order for us to prevent those actions.

Our work continues.

Manfred Huelsbeck


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